What is the Hepatitis Disease

Hepatitis

Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver. There are several various types of Hepatitis including types A, B, C, D, & E as well as alcoholic and autoimmune types of Hepatitis exist. Viruses can cause some of these forms of Hepatitis. Hepatitis can come from any variety of sources including bad good that are consumed, overconsumption of alcohol, drugs, or autoimmune conditions. Symptoms of Hepatitis can vary greatly, however, you are likely to experience symptoms like severe stomach pain, nausea, fever, diarrhea, fatigue, very dark urine (despite adequate hydration), light-colored stools, itchy-feeling skin, mental conditions such as stupors or depression, and in rare cases internal bleeding.

It is possible to contract Hepatitis in some cases without even knowing you have gotten the condition if you are not showing any symptoms. Many times, the earliest stages of Hepatitis are misdiagnosed as the flu as many symptoms are shared between the two conditions. Vaccinations can help protect against the person with Hepatitis becoming critically ill with or contracting Hepatitis in the first place. This is true of Hepatitis types A, B, C, D, & E.

Other types of Hepatitis, however, such as alcoholic Hepatitis comes from an overconsumption of alcohol over a longer period of times. This generally can cause permanent liver scarring, or sometimes even in the worst cases require liver transplants in order for the person to survive. Autoimmune Hepatitis is when the body attacks its own autoimmune system, and similar results to alcoholic Hepatitis occur, however; alcohol is not involved. Autoimmune Hepatitis is generally caused by another already underlying autoimmune condition. Some of the most severe cases of Hepatitis can also turn into liver cancer.

There were about 2,500 cases of Hepatitis A diagnosed in the US in 2014. No chronic cases were reported, and deaths numbered 76. Most people were able to fully recover. There were about 19,200 new cases of Hepatitis B reported in the US in 2014. There are estimated to be about 850,000 to 2.2 million people in the US chronically suffering from Hepatitis B in the US. About 1,800 deaths occurred in the US from Hepatitis B in 2014. There were about 30,5000 cases of Hepatitis C diagnosed in the in 2014. About 2.9 to 3.4 million people in the US are estimated to be chronically infected in the US. About 20,000 people die from Hepatitis C each year in the US. Hepatitis D & E affect very few people annually in comparison to Hepatitis A, B, & C.

Alcoholic and Autoimmune types of Hepatitis are more chronic conditions that last longer, and in worst cases can scar or damage the liver permanently. In rare cases, entire liver transplants are required to allow the patient to survive the disease. Both Alcoholic and Autoimmune types of Hepatitis are not caused by viruses but by alcoholic consumption or autoimmune conditions that attack and in turn compromise the liver.

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What is Crohn’s Disease

Crohn's Disease

Crohn’s Disease is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease that affects the lining of the digestive tract. Crohn’s is a rare condition with less than 200,00 cases diagnosed in the US annually. Diagnosis is required and lab testing and imaging is often also required. Crohn’s can last for years or be a lifelong condition. Crohn’s at its worst can be a life-threatening condition causing severe diarrhea, weight loss, anemia, and even in its worse cases tears in the digestive system that allow for internal bleeding.

Crohn’s can be of varying levels of severity. Some patients with Crohn’s Disease only experience occasional flare-ups. Some others have constant problems that never seem to end. Some cases fall somewhere in between. Crohn’s has no cure but medications like steroids or immune-suppressants can be used to slow its progress. The most severe cases of Crohn’s Disease may see the patient benefit from surgeries to help repair gastro-intestinal and colorectal damage done by the disease.

Crohn’s can develop at any age, but is most likely to develop in people ages 19-40 years of age. Crohn’s generally infects the end of the small bowel, but it can also infect any part of the gastro-intestinal mouth including infections from the mouth all the way through to the anus flaring up when the disease is active. Crohn’s can also thin the bowel walls over time due to the constant inflammation of the condition.

Crohn’s patients often experience a loss of appetite and also a dramatic weight loss even though they do not want to or plan to lose the weight. Many cases of Crohn’s can be further treated with reasonable adjustments to the diet the person follows. Foods that “trigger” inflammation will only make the case of Crohn’s worse than it already is. Finding out which foods to avoid, and then following a strictly regimented diet can help the person avoid suffering from any further symptoms of the condition. Doctors and specialists can help pinpoint these certain “trigger” foods, and enlist in the help of a nutritionist to create a meal plan that avoids those certain foods while still ensuring the person receives adequate nutrition.

Crohn’s is even more concerning when rarely diagnosed in a small child it is even of more concern as it can cause stunted growth if it is during the child’s most formative years. When the colon and GI tract become severely infected tears and rips in the wall lining can result in both internal bleeding and causation of fistulas to develop requiring emergency surgery.

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Cracking the Obesity Epidemic

Obesity Epidemic

Obesity is a very common condition with over 3,000,000 cases diagnosed in the US each year. Obesity is a condition involving a person carrying massive, excessive amounts of extra body fat that increases their chance of health problems. Obesity is usually self-treatable and able to be diagnosed without a doctor’s aid. Obesity can last years, or sometimes be a lifelong condition. Obesity is generally caused by a person consuming a large number of calories that they do not burn off. Obesity is generally treatable by a proper diet and exercise plan. In rare cases, obesity can come as a side-effect from certain medications like steroids needed for medical reasons.

Overweight is the category that comes before obese. A person who is overweight has at least 25% of their body weight accounted for in body fat. A person who is obese has at least 30% of their body weight accounted for in body fat. A “morbidly” obese person who is at the highest risk for health problems has at least 40% or more of their body weight accounted for in body fat.

However, BMI is not necessarily the best measurement to determine if someone is overweight or obese. BMI charts to not discern between body fat versus muscle or lean body mass. Calipers or BMI percentage machines are more reliable sources of determining who is obese by determining how much of one’s actual body mass is just fat versus muscle/lean body mass.

Some of the health problems that can stem from being overweight or obese include high blood pressure, rapid heart rates, diabetes, high cholesterol, and in more serious cases heart attacks or strokes. Obesity is the leading cause of adult mortality in the US. Children who grow up overweight or obese are more likely to continue that trend into adulthood and be overweight or obese adults.

Many people who suffer from being overweight or obese also have joint pain resulting from extra weight that the body has to carry around. This makes the body’s joints work harder, causing conditions like joint pain or arthritis or even osteoporosis from lack of proper nutrition, and overconsumption of junk food.

In rare cases, surgical procedures help people lose weight who cannot seem to shed the pounds through diet and exercise alone. Procedures like gastric bypasses or lap bands can help people lose this weight. However, the person must change their lifestyle after the procedure to keep the weight off, or the weight will come back on making the procedure pointless. These procedures are generally reserved for the most obese patients. Those people are defined as people with a BMI of 40% or higher, which is when doctors believe most people enter the “life-threatening” phase of obesity.

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HIV AIDS Facts

HIV AIDS

HIV is a common condition in the US with over 200,000 cases being diagnosed in the US annually. There are about 70 million people living with the HIV virus worldwide, and about 35 million people to date are estimated to have died from the HIV virus turning into full-blown AIDS.  HIV causes aids which inhibits the body’s ability to fight off illnesses and diseases as it attacks one’s own immune system.

Most cases of HIV in the Western world are spread through sexual contact. The HIV virus can also be passed to anyone who is infected that has offspring (children). HIV cannot yet be cured but treatments help slow down its progress greatly. HIV requires a medical or laboratory testing, and is often chronic lasting years, and in many cases for the rest of a person’s life. HIV always requires a medical diagnosis to confirm that is the condition a person has.

HIV is transmitted primarily through contact with infected blood, semen, or vaginal fluid. Usually HIV causes flu-like symptoms including fever, sore throat, and fatigue. HIV is then usually symptom-free till it turns into AIDs. No cure exists for this condition, but adhering to strict anti-retroviral regimens (ARVs) can dramatically slow the progress and help the individual avoid secondary symptoms and complications HIV and then AIDs may cause. Most cases are diagnosed worldwide are diagnosed in people’s most sexually active years between the ages of 19-40, but it can be diagnosed in someone of any age. It can be spread by blood contact. It can be spread from a mother who has HIV or AIDs to her baby.

Most developed countries have programs that provide HIV medications and various treatments that help extend one’s life greatly to people of all income levels regardless of their ability to pay. The US is one government that provides such programs for impoverished or middle-class people who otherwise may not be able to afford the ever-increasingly expensive treatment. HIV is almost one of the widely-researched diseases worldwide. It has become manageable and treatable, but a cure is still yet to be found. The hope is that one day HIV/AIDs will be a thing of the past. It is already a reality that people that contract HIV/AIDs can live a healthy, happy normal life for many years without further progression of the disease long as proper treatment is sought. The future for those suffering from HIV or AIDs is positive, and will ideally become brighter and brighter as more ways to manage it, and maybe even a cure one day is discovered.

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Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Facts and Myths

Autism Facts vs Myths

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is the name for a group of developmental disorders. ASD includes a wide range of disorders on the autism spectrum. People affected by ASD often have a wide range of symptoms, skill levels, and disabilities. Some cases of ASD are very mild, while others are very severe including conditions that make the patient nonverbal and many times seemingly incoherent. Characteristics of people who have autism include ongoing social problems that include difficulties communicating with others, repetitive behaviors as well as limited interests or activities, symptoms that typically are recognized in the first two years of life, and symptoms that hurt the individual’s ability to function socially at school/work/home/etc.

People who fall anywhere on the ASD spectrum are usually classified by behaviors that fall into one of two categories. Those categories are “restrictive/repetitive behaviors” or “the social communications/interaction behaviors” categories. People who fall into the “restrictive/repetitive” category are likely to display symptoms including repeating certain behaviors/having unusual behavior patterns, having overly-focused interests (i.e. moving objects or certain parts of objects), having a long-lasting intense interest in certain topics (i.e. numbers, details, or facts). People who fall into the “social communications/interaction behaviors” category are likely to display symptoms including getting upset over a slight change in daily routines/schedules, making little/inconsistent eye contact, having a tendency to look at/listen to other people less often, rarely sharing enjoyment of activities/objects with others, respond to others emotions (i.e. stress, anger, or affection) in an usual way, having difficulties with back and forth conversations, repeating random words heard (echolalia), using words that seem unique/odd/out of place to anyone not familiar with that person’s communication style, having facial expressions/gestures unclear based on what is being done/said, speaking in robot-like or sing-song voices, and having trouble understanding other people’s feelings or points of view.

Many people with ASD spectrum disorder are extra-sensitive to experiences including light, noise, clothing, or temperature. Many experience difficulties with sleeping, digesting, and irritability. Most pediatricians believed it is best to discover ASD spectrum disorders at a child’s 18-and-24-month checkup. Every child is tested for ASD spectrum disorders at their 18-and-24-month checkups. The earlier the child is diagnosed the more positive many doctors feel that they can treat the condition to provide a better outcome for that child in the long term.

Boys are more likely to have ASD spectrum disorders than girls. About 20% of ASD cases are genetic as in the child being born with the condition due to genetic mutations in the child’s DNA or genes. Many children with ASD spectrum disorder are comorbid (suffering from more than one disability) with other conditions including Down syndrome, fragile-X syndrome, or tuberous sclerosis among other conditions. ASD is considered a “common” condition in the US with over 200,000 cases being diagnosed each year. ASD has no cure, but treatment may help. It currently effects 1 in 45 children between the ages of 3 and 17.

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Why Your Practice Needs a Dentist Directory Listing

Dentist Directory

Patients today are finding dentists and health professionals through the Internet. If you don’t make your practice available through the search mediums that patients are utilizing, then the chances of getting found are rather slim. The first step in enhancing your dental office’s internet visibility is by getting a website and having an internet marketing company such as DoctorHero take care of the search engine optimization (SEO) to ensure it gets to page 1 of major search engines.

The next step in your dental internet marketing strategy is to get listed in a dentist directory. When you get listed in a prominent business directory you get the following:

Patient Reviewing Capabilities

Patients need assurance that your practice is what it says it is and that they can put their trust in you. You can build immediate trust in prospective patients if they see that your practice has reviews. In addition to building trust, patient reviews help in boosting your sites rankings as Google scours the web for such reviews and factors them into their search engine algorithm.

More Online Visibility

Getting listed in various directories enhances your online visibility and allows for a detailed profile that acts like a website. Your profile on Findmydentist.com contains:

  • Pictures
  • Video
  • Contact Form
  • Google Map
  • Practice Description
  • Patient Reviewing Capabilities
  • Phone Number
  • Address
  • Website Address

When a patient visits your directory profile through the search engines, they are able to make an informed decision on whether or not your practice suits their needs.

 

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