HIV is a common condition in the US with over 200,000 cases being diagnosed in the US annually. There are about 70 million people living with the HIV virus worldwide, and about 35 million people to date are estimated to have died from the HIV virus turning into full-blown AIDS.  HIV causes aids which inhibits the body’s ability to fight off illnesses and diseases as it attacks one’s own immune system.

Most cases of HIV in the Western world are spread through sexual contact. The HIV virus can also be passed to anyone who is infected that has offspring (children). HIV cannot yet be cured but treatments help slow down its progress greatly. HIV requires a medical or laboratory testing, and is often chronic lasting years, and in many cases for the rest of a person’s life. HIV always requires a medical diagnosis to confirm that is the condition a person has.

HIV is transmitted primarily through contact with infected blood, semen, or vaginal fluid. Usually HIV causes flu-like symptoms including fever, sore throat, and fatigue. HIV is then usually symptom-free till it turns into AIDs. No cure exists for this condition, but adhering to strict anti-retroviral regimens (ARVs) can dramatically slow the progress and help the individual avoid secondary symptoms and complications HIV and then AIDs may cause. Most cases are diagnosed worldwide are diagnosed in people’s most sexually active years between the ages of 19-40, but it can be diagnosed in someone of any age. It can be spread by blood contact. It can be spread from a mother who has HIV or AIDs to her baby.

Most developed countries have programs that provide HIV medications and various treatments that help extend one’s life greatly to people of all income levels regardless of their ability to pay. The US is one government that provides such programs for impoverished or middle-class people who otherwise may not be able to afford the ever-increasingly expensive treatment. HIV is almost one of the widely-researched diseases worldwide. It has become manageable and treatable, but a cure is still yet to be found. The hope is that one day HIV/AIDs will be a thing of the past. It is already a reality that people that contract HIV/AIDs can live a healthy, happy normal life for many years without further progression of the disease long as proper treatment is sought. The future for those suffering from HIV or AIDs is positive, and will ideally become brighter and brighter as more ways to manage it, and maybe even a cure one day is discovered.

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