Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver. There are several various types of Hepatitis including types A, B, C, D, & E as well as alcoholic and autoimmune types of Hepatitis exist. Viruses can cause some of these forms of Hepatitis. Hepatitis can come from any variety of sources including bad good that are consumed, overconsumption of alcohol, drugs, or autoimmune conditions. Symptoms of Hepatitis can vary greatly, however, you are likely to experience symptoms like severe stomach pain, nausea, fever, diarrhea, fatigue, very dark urine (despite adequate hydration), light-colored stools, itchy-feeling skin, mental conditions such as stupors or depression, and in rare cases internal bleeding.
It is possible to contract Hepatitis in some cases without even knowing you have gotten the condition if you are not showing any symptoms. Many times, the earliest stages of Hepatitis are misdiagnosed as the flu as many symptoms are shared between the two conditions. Vaccinations can help protect against the person with Hepatitis becoming critically ill with or contracting Hepatitis in the first place. This is true of Hepatitis types A, B, C, D, & E.
Other types of Hepatitis, however, such as alcoholic Hepatitis comes from an overconsumption of alcohol over a longer period of times. This generally can cause permanent liver scarring, or sometimes even in the worst cases require liver transplants in order for the person to survive. Autoimmune Hepatitis is when the body attacks its own autoimmune system, and similar results to alcoholic Hepatitis occur, however; alcohol is not involved. Autoimmune Hepatitis is generally caused by another already underlying autoimmune condition. Some of the most severe cases of Hepatitis can also turn into liver cancer.
There were about 2,500 cases of Hepatitis A diagnosed in the US in 2014. No chronic cases were reported, and deaths numbered 76. Most people were able to fully recover. There were about 19,200 new cases of Hepatitis B reported in the US in 2014. There are estimated to be about 850,000 to 2.2 million people in the US chronically suffering from Hepatitis B in the US. About 1,800 deaths occurred in the US from Hepatitis B in 2014. There were about 30,5000 cases of Hepatitis C diagnosed in the in 2014. About 2.9 to 3.4 million people in the US are estimated to be chronically infected in the US. About 20,000 people die from Hepatitis C each year in the US. Hepatitis D & E affect very few people annually in comparison to Hepatitis A, B, & C.
Alcoholic and Autoimmune types of Hepatitis are more chronic conditions that last longer, and in worst cases can scar or damage the liver permanently. In rare cases, entire liver transplants are required to allow the patient to survive the disease. Both Alcoholic and Autoimmune types of Hepatitis are not caused by viruses but by alcoholic consumption or autoimmune conditions that attack and in turn compromise the liver.